科学家们认证的学习方法

学习方法 时间:2018-05-05 我要投稿

  我们根据神经科学家和学习专家普遍认可的研究,找出了一些学习的小窍门。以下是科学家们认证的学习方法,欢迎阅读。

  Spaced Repetition  间隔重复

  To maximize your learning, study short but often.

  为了让学习(效果)最大化,读书要读得短,但是要频繁。

  Neuroscientist proved that synapses [sanps], the million billion connections in your brain that make you remember and understand stuff, grow mainly at night when you are asleep.

  科学家证实,神经突触,也就是大脑里帮助你记忆和理解东西的上百亿个神经元连接,它们主要在夜晚和睡觉的时候生成。

  This means that it is more productive to study regularly with sleeping breaks(休息) in between.

  也就是说,更有效的学习方式是在有规律的读书时间中夹杂睡眠时间。

  Go Places  到处逛逛

  You can create(创造) deeper memories of a subject by learning in a richer environment that offers more visual clues.

  在能够提供更多视觉线索的多元环境中学习,你可以对所学的内容有更深度的记忆。

  In an experiment, two groups of students had to remember random words.

  在一项实验中,两组学生需要记住一些随机的生词。

  One group changed the classroom while studying, the other didn't.

  一组在学习的时候换教室,另一组则不换。

  The group that studied in two different rooms (one was small and windowless, the other big and bright) was 40% more likely to recall the words later.

  在两间不同的教室读书的那组(其中一件教室狭窄,而且没有窗户;另一间又大又明亮)能背出单词的概率(比没换教室的那组)要高出40%。

  Instant Self-Test  立即自我测试

  After you study finish up with a quick quiz.

  当你读完书,就进行一个小小的测试。

  Immediate recall in form of a test or a short summary on what you've just learned can increase retention by as much as 30%.

  以测试或者简短摘要的形式立即回想你刚才所学到的东西,这能让你的记忆的保持增加30%。

  Because it's much harder for your brain to reflect than to read, that extra effort creates deeper traces in your memory.

  因为对大脑来说,思考(回想)比阅读难得多,这样额外的努力会在你的记忆里留下更加深刻的痕迹。

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