the name christmas is short for "christs mass".a mass is a kind of church service.christmas is a religious festival.it is the day we celeate as the birthday of jesus.there are special christmas services in christian churches all over the world.but many of the festivities of christmas do not have anything to do with religion.exchanging gifts and sending christmas cards are the modern ways of celeating the christmas in the world.
the birth of jesus had a story: in nazareth,a city of galilee.the virgins name was mary was betrothed to joseph.before they came together,she was found with child of the holy spirit.joseph her husband was minded to put her away secretly.while he thought about these things,gaiel,an angel of the lord appeared to him in a dream and told him did not be afraid to take mary as wife.and mary willing forth a son,and he shall call his name,jesus,for he will save his people from their sins.
before jesus births, joseph and mary came to quirnius was governing syria.so all went to be registered,everyone to his own city.joseph also went up out of galilee,out of the city of nazareth,into judea,to the city of david,which is called bethlehem,because he was of the house and of the lineage of david,to be registered with mary,his betrothed wife,who was with child.so it was that while they were there,the days were completed for her to bedelivered.and sheought forth her firstborn son,and wrapped him in swaddling cloths,and laid him in a manger,because there was no room for them in the inn.
Santa Claus was born in US in the 1860s he was named this as he had a white beard and a belly,so he was named Santa Claus as this was the Dutch word for St Nicholas,Sintaklaas.Although the Dutch had bought him with them in the 17th century,he did not become an important person at Christmas until the Novelist Washington Irving put him in a novel that he wrote in 1809.This first Santa Claus was still known as St.Nicholas,he did smoke a pipe,and fly around in a wagon without any reindeer,but he did not have his red suit or live at the North Pole,he did however bring presents to children every year.
In 1863 He was given the name Santa Claus and bore the red suit,pipe,and his reindeer and sleigh.
Now Christmas celebrations vary greatly between regions of the United States,because of the variety of nationalities which have settled in it.
In Pennsylvania,the Moravians build a landscape,called a putz - under the Christmas tree,while in the same state the Germans are given gifts by Belsnickle,who taps them with his switch if they have misbehaved.
Early European settlers brought many traditions to the United States.Many settled in the early days in the South,these settlers would send Christmas greetings to their distant neighbors by shooting firearms and letting off fireworks.In Hawaii this practice is still in use as under the sunny skies,Santa Claus arrives by boat and Christmas dinner is eaten outdoors.
In Alaska,a star on a pole is taken from door to door,followed by Herods Men,who try to capture the star.Colonial doorways are often decorated with pineapple,a symbol of hospitality.
In Alaska,boys and girls with lanterns on poles carry a large figure of a star from door to door.They sing carols and are invited in for supper.