The government should control the amount of violence in films and on television in order to decrease the violent crimes in society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this issue
Nowadays, many people argue that the government should control the amount of violence in films and on television, in order to reduce social crimes. In my view, this assertion is partially wise, and my reasons would be explored as below.
Admittedly, there are many good reasons for controlling the amount of violence in films and on television. First, violent films and television are mental poisons for the audience It is because they contains numerous of erotic, corrupt and provoking episode, with long exposure to which, viewers might become aggressive and eccentric. In addition, violence contents set negative role models for young viewers, especially the youth. Activities like fighting, shooting or killing done by movie stars send teenagers a wrong message that violence is an effective or even essential solution to all troubles. Therefore, these youngsters with immature minds begin to admire violence and disrespect social rules, which leads to the increasing of the juvenile delinquents. According to the analysis above,
it is clear that the measure of limiting violent information on media should be encouraged, for the reason that it can directly cut off the access to those illegal and evil behaviors and thoughts, thus keeping people from imitating them.
Advocates claim that the practice of controlling the amount of violence in mass media is a brazen violation of the people's basic right to know the truth of the world. For example, some films contain some violence, but they reflect the things happened around us. Rather than producing negative effects on audience, to some extent, these films educate them. Furthermore, violence in films or on television programs cultivates people's senses of crisis and responsibility, which makes ordinary people and police work better for public security. Consequently, it is
irresponsible and foolish to blame the media for violence in our society. As far as I am concern, I strongly believe that the amount of violence in films and TV should be controlled. At the same time, we cannot deny the advantages brought by them. And the best policy is to develop the merits of the violent films and television, while grading and filtering them.
Topic 25: People think that the news media has influenced people's lives nowadays and it is a negative development. To what extent do you agree or disagree
新闻媒体引起人们对灾难性问题的关注，并敦促相关部门对此釆取具体措施(take measures to tackle the problem);
将有用的信息及时传送给市民(communicate helpful information to concerned citizens);
新闻媒体让人们知道世界上每时每刻发生的事情(keep us informed of what is happening in the world )
people in decision making. For example, the Free Trade Agreement reached by the Chinese government and its New Zealand counterpart might open up many opportunities to both countries. For any business person, either in New Zealand or in China, failing to recognize and capitalize on this impending change would cause a costly loss.
Meanwhile it should be recognized that the news media can sometimes save lives and reduce casualties. There is a lot of uncertainty about the surroundings, and people are susceptible to the damage caused by accidents, crimes and natural calamity. The news media conveys the firsthand information to concerned audiences and enable them to take corresponding actions right away. The authority can declare a state of emergency when it is necessary, organize evacuation and distribute aid to the needy areas. All these efforts count on the news media as the messenger.
Despite their significant and ongoing contribution to the society, the news media might sometimes be harmful to society. It is a convention that the news media exaggerates the magnitude of the real threat (for example, the potential of a terrorism attack), in order to draw the attention of the desired audiences and in pursuit of high audience
ratings. It ends up with causing panic among the population. Meanwhile,
the news media tends to emphasize some issues or events, which virtually have little relevance to people's daily lives, such as an occasional multiple vehicle accident, an affair that a celebrity is involved with, and the like. It distracts the audience from something that is much more noteworthy, for instance, poverty, environmental problems, to name but a few.
In summary, the role of news media as an information provider should be acknowledged. In case of emergency, it acts as a lifesaver. However, it is not to say that the news media can give people an overall view of the problems in society all the time,
1. denote=indicate=symbolize-represent=signify: 代表，预示，显示
2. capitalize on=take advantage of=make the best of; 很好地利用
3. impending=imminent=forthcoming=coming=approaching: 即将到来的
4. casualty=fatality=victim:死亡人数 5. surroundings=environs：周围的环境
Exposure to international media, such as TV, film and magazine, has a significant impact on the local culture. What do you think the impact has beenDo you agree that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages接触国际媒体，如电视、电影和杂志，对当地文化有重大影响。你认为影响是什么你认为利大于弊吗
Nowadays, the trend of international media overwhelming worldwide has been a heated social issue in debate. Personally, I think exposure to the global media has substantial influences on the local country, and its overall impact is negative, to the cultural extent.
Firstly, the main impact of international media on the local culture is that this trend is reshaping and substituting traditional elements, specifically, encompassing patterns of behaviors, religious beliefs, values, customs, food, clothing, lifestyle, social norms and morals, sports, arts and architectures. For example, in China today, cheongsam, traditional silk-made clothes of females, has been gradually replaced with the western-style dresses, jeans, tailored suits and trendy fashions,
due to the advertisement campaigns of international famous brands on the Internet or global fashion magazines. Another typical example is the change on leisure activities. Compared with Chinese traditional exercise like Tai Chi Quan, a kind of kungfu with slow movement, pictures and videos about foreign extreme games on the Internet and Hollywood movies are more impressive and attractive. Expectedly, skateboarding, rock climbing and bungee jumping have been the most favored outdoor activities among the youth.
What is more, this trend is risky, for the reason that such cultural invasion will endanger the survival of local culture. In a multi-cultural society, the local culture always fades, because of the high attraction of foreign ones. For example, during the process of cultural mergence, a whole China is monopolized with the exotic cultural items, from food of MacDonald to movies of Hollywood, from fashions of Paris to animations of Japan. In a long term, there would be a misunderstanding among the public that the global pop culture is superior to the local culture in China. Adversely, young generations would fail to respect and appreciate their own culture. In a long term, the national identities of China will go into extinction, because of the lack of popularity and protection. In conclusion, this trend causes cultural mixture, replacement,
competition, as well as the possibility of the death of the local culture. Therefore, the international media should be restricted, in order to keep the diversity of cultures.
We can get knowledge from news, but some people think we can't trust the journalist, what do u thinkAnd what do you think are the important qualities that a journalist should have
素质1： 要有热情。记者应该到事件现场去深入了解情况，掌握第一手的资料。 素质2： 要有责任心。举例，记者应该参与到第一线来收集新闻和线索，这有利于还原真相。
Nowadays, the journalists are losing the prestige in the public because fewer people trust them. In my opinion, this trend is caused by some ill behaviors of them. The reasons and the good qualities of a journalist will be presents as below.
I have to concede that a large proportion of journalists are under the standards of journalism ethics, which leads to the public concerns of the qualities of news in media. Firstly, with the great convenience provided by the Internet, journalists can have an easy access to acquiring all kinds of information. Some of them then begin to repetitively copy or reproduce the news report from certain websites only by clicking the mouse in the office, instead of going outside for practical research. That is to say,
these journalists are too lazy to write the original and in-depth news reports.
In addition, the lack of responsibility among journalists also
contributes to the news crisis. For example, some of them write and report news by depending on ueliable information sources, so that newspapers and TVs are full of data mistakes and lies. Moreover, influential media are viewed as rumormongers, because they spread false news of natural disasters, social epidemics or terrorist attacks, incurring unnecessary panics in the public. The most worrying aspect is news objectiveness. In many cases of news crimes, bribed news editors cover and twist the truth of social issues, which misleads the public judgment, as well as damages the equity and democracy of social media.
In order to recover the faith and confidence of audience for news media, many good standards of journalist should be built up and tested. Firstly, journalists should have the professional dedication, which means a strong willing to go into the frontline of events, and make efforts of exploring and collecting the firsthand news materials. By this way, the high values of news reports can be ensured. Secondly, high-level work moralities are a must, including honesty, integrity, and law-abiding awareness. These traits can improve the immunity of news practicers from the lure of money. Besides, journalists should learn to give the priority to the social benefits, over the individual media benefits. In other words, what they report on media should be accurate, objective and accountable, rather than publishing untrue news only for attracting more audience.
In conclusion, there are many reasons why massive news media become more untrustful in the public, mainly including the loss of work passion and obligation. For the purpose of curing these ill journalists, some good qualities should be cultivated and encouraged, like the dedication, righteousness and carefulness.