Wade–Giles romanization Wu-t'ai Shan , Pinyin Wutai Shan mountain and mountain chain in northeast Shansi Province, China.
The mountain chain is a massif with a southwest–northeast axis, separated from the Heng Shan (mountains) to the northwest by the valley of the Hu-t'o Ho (river), which curves around its southern flank to flow into the North China Plain in Hopeh Province.
Mt.Wu-t'ai is actually a cluster of flat-topped peaks from which the mountain takes its name (Five Terraces).
The highest peak is 10,033 ft (3,058 m) above sea level.
Mt.Wu-t'ai is particularly famous as one of the great holy places of Chinese Buddhism.
Great numbers of temples, including some of the oldest wooden buildings surviving in China, are scattered over the mountain; the largest temples—such as the Hsien-t'ung, the Ta-ta-yüan, and the Pu-sa-ting-shen-jung-yüan—are grouped around the town of T'ai-huai-chen.
Mt.Wu-t'ai appears first to have become a holy mountain to the Taoist adepts of the later Han dynasty (AD 25–220) but came into prominence in the 5th century under the Northern Wei dynasty (386–534/35) when, as Ch'ing-liang Shan, it became identified as the dwelling place of Mãnjuśrī bodhisattva (a heavenly being who voluntarily postpones his Buddhahood in order to work for worldly welfare and understanding).
The cult of Mãnjuśrī was intensified under the T'ang dynasty (618–907).
In early T'ang times Mount Wu-t'ai was closely associated with the patriarchs of the Hua-yen Buddhist school, becoming the principal centre of their teaching.
During this period it attracted scholars and pilgrims not only from all parts of China but also from Japan, who continued to visit and study there until the 12th century.
Many of the other monasteries in the region were attached to Ch'an Buddhism, which in the 9th century found patronage in the region from the provincial governors of the neighbouring areas of Hopeh, who were able to protect Mount Wu-t'ai from the worst ravages of the great religious persecution that occurred from 843 to 845.
Under Mongol rule in the late 13th century, Tibetan Buddhism (Lamaism) was first introduced to Mount Wu-t'ai.
During the Ch'ing dynasty (1644–1911/12), when the Tibetan Buddhist religion was an important element in relations between the Chinese court and their Mongol and Tibetan vassals and when the state gave lavish support to monasteries inhabited by lamas (monks), Mount Wu-t'ai was one of the principal monastic centres.
As is known to all, the silk road into xinjiang, south, north is divided into three sections, the word.
And of every faith scenery lets a person miand thoughtful.
Therefore, it is the silk road trip to travel.
Brief introduction of the first description: xinjiang is located in China's northwest border regions in China, also called, the second-largest pasture, ecological environment.
North of continental climate, the winters are long and hard, summer, autumn season and hot chirp is not obvious, relatively strong, solar radiation temperature changes.
So remind everybody must pay attention to prevent bask in the night and temperature is too big and prepare appropriate clothes.
Meanwhile, xinjiang has the advantageous sunshine, light, heat and planting trees and the crops of thermophilic melon, improve sugar accumulation.
So a luscious taste the melon and fruit in xinjiang.
Our first stop was the urumqi.
It is the farthest from the oceans of the world cities, capital of xinjiang uygur autonomous region, meaning "beautiful", but also the ranch along.
We recommend the attraction is the natural pasture, carefree nanshan pasture flocks, paolo maldini, compose in green grassland, spruce, combining the deep valley, and a 20 meters high, the waterf-all.
Here you can live on the shores of the ZhanFang, taste herdsmen Nang, dairy products, roast lamb kebabs, ZhuaFan hand, etc.
Bake complete sheep is a choice JieYang surrounding xinjiang, or under the age of two lambs as raw materials, to fat with flour and entrails, feet, salt water, eggs, pepper, alone powder evenly into paste, in the whole body, then add the sheep are soaking pit, Nang bake until cooked.
Baked sheep, golden oil, fragrance waft through the meat, delicious! You can rent a horse galloping on the kazakh nomads, acrothe vast grassland of the thick forest.
Also can realize kazak ethnic customs: racing nomads, thanks to the sheep, chasing girls.
Urumqi seasons all appropriate, each have different seasons.
Our second station is well known in turpan: it's very hot and dry the lowest place.
Is extremely arid region unique ecological environment and the representatives of the oasis civilization.
You may have noticed that a foot on this land, and we are the only dry! The sun is so frankly, the baking temperature has reached 50 to 60 degrees Celsius, i.e., steaming eggs.
You also don't too boring, let us imagine a pleasant trip to the sauna.
First, we went to the fire, the authors of shanxi, surrounded by the farmhouse here, secluded spot, vines with green, a very cool and refreshing and comfortable come, here is the "HuoZhou" summer in heaven.
In these grape, as long as the timbrel rang, men and women will be averted dance.
Believe that everyone heard that song familiar "to", covering your journey has a small talk "uncle"? How does not show guide So now you for it.
Small guide a bit embarrassed, here but dance, unexpectedly township in here, please everybody to me.
Now please follow me to visit the shadow of raisins for washing room.
Raised my hand against the grapes can be picked you can't decapitation, later will have to taste the free of grapes, let everybody fan.
To see the city will be KanErJing, it is spots with wall, the beijing-hangzhou grand canal and called China's three projects, it is the source of life of the local people.
Because it is in the ground, also very cool and refreshing and comfortable.
Now we came to the tomb ASiDaNa - hara and is, there are many rooms vivid fresco, lifelike lifelike, still have the "turpan documents", it is the current international academic research foundation of words - turpan.
Because the climate is hot dry form natural germ-free environment, so the dead bodies and objects, although calendar millennium items without corruption, the body is due to rapid dehydrate and formed the pyramids in Egypt mummy "than" also mummified corpses of exotic, some even seems visible eyes eyelash.
Now we reached the place, also is the hami melon is executed.