演讲开场白英文版

演讲稿 时间:2018-01-21 我要投稿

  演讲开场白怎么写?下面就是演讲开场白英文版范文,欢迎大家阅读!

  演讲开场白英文版1. Visual Aids

  Visual aids such as images, objects, sculptures and models are a fantastic but under-exploited tool for making great openings  in presentations in English. A visual aid immediately helps grab the audience s attention and piques their curiosity. And once the audiences tars thinking “what is it?”, “how does it relate to the presentation?” and “why have they shown me this?”, the presenter starts winning their battle to achieve their presentation objective (to inform, persuade, entertain etc.).

  Visual aids also act as a great support for non-native speakers who are nervous speaking in front of people, as it removes them from the spotlight. Also it helps focus their attention on the presentation opening instead of worrying about the audience s reaction. Watch this great example, a 5 minute TED Talk by a Dutch Engineer, and how he uses a visual object to make a boring presentation really come alive. Count how long it is before he actually starts speaking.

  1. 直接教具

  直观教具,比如图片、实物、雕塑和模型都是很好的,但这些都是英语演讲开场中没有被善加利用的工具。

  一个直观教具能快速抓住观众的注意力并激起他们的好奇心。

  当观众们一旦开始好奇“这是个啥?”,“这和演讲有什么关系?”,“他为什么要给我们看这个东西?”的时候,演讲者就已经开始成功地达到了他的预定演讲目标了(比如发布消息、说服观众或娱乐大家等等)。

  而对于在公众面前发言感到紧张的非英语母语演讲者,视觉教具也起到了很大的帮助,因为它可以帮助演讲者们躲开聚光灯的关注,还可以帮助演讲者把注意力集中在演讲的开场上,而不是心里总是担心下面观众的反应。

  大家可以看看这些很好的例子:一段荷兰工程师的5分钟的TED演讲视频,看看他是如何通过借助一个视觉教具来把一场枯燥的演讲演绎生动的。

  注意观察他在真正开口说话前的开场一共用了多长时间。

  演讲开场白英文版2. Petcha Kutcha 20x20

  Petcha Kutcha events are organized around the World. They were started by a group of young designers in Tokyo in 2003 and have become world famous. Their goal is to improve “The Art of Concise Presentations”.

  Each presenter is allowed to show 20 images (one per slide), with each slide lasting up to 20 seconds, hence the 20x20. So how does this relate to teaching presentations in English? In an internet obsessed world that has become more visual, faster paced, and now suffers from information overload, the ability to quickly communicate your key messages is vital. Other advantages include: being a useful technique for teaching time-poor professionals and managers; helping long-winded students become more concise; and finally there is a cross-cultural aspect.

  2. Petcha Kutcha 20x20项目

  Petcha Kutcha是一项全世界范围都在组织的活动,由一群东京的年轻设计师们于2003年发起的,之后在全世界范围内流行闻名。

  他们的目标是要证明“简约陈述的艺术”。

  每一位展示者只允许展示20张图片(每页幻灯片一张图片),而每个页面最长只允许停留20秒。

  这就是20x20的由来。

  那么,这和教授如何用英文做演讲有什么关系呢?这个为互联网着迷的世界已经变得更加视觉化、快节奏、并承载了信息过多的负荷,因此,是否具备快速表达自己最核心信息的能力变得至关重要。

  当然,它还有其他优势:这是一个对于时间总是很紧张的专业人士和职业经理人很有用的技巧;它还可以帮助是喜欢长篇大论的学生们变得简洁;最后,这也有跨文化层面上的意义。

  演讲开场白英文版3. Storytelling

  Nancy Duarte wrote an excellent book called Resonate (Wiley, 2010), which helps any person learn how to craft visual stories and present them using the techniques normally reserved for cinema and literature.

  With Resonate, presenters learn how to: connect with the audience empathetically; craft ideas that get repeated; use story structures inherent in great communication; create captivating content; inspire and persuade audiences. It s a book full of quick and easy-to- use communication techniques for creating great presentation openings.

  3. 讲故事

  Nancy Duarte写过一本很棒的书叫《Resonate》(Wiley, 2010),这本书教给所有人如何视觉化地、生动地把故事讲出来,和平时只在电影和文学作品中才会使用的专业技巧。

  《Resibate》里,演讲者可以从中学习到:如何与观众共情、如何精巧地重复观点、如何利用故事结构内化为更好的交流、如何设计具有吸引力的内容、以及启发和说服观众等。

  书中还提到很多快速易用的交流技巧,可以用来设计很棒的演讲开场。

  演讲开场白英文版4. Power of your Voice

  Following on from point 3, great story-tellers also know how to use the power of their voice to captivate, entertain and influence their audience. There s a reason why children (and some adults) will sit quietly, attentively and listen for a long time to a good story-teller. What is it they do? They vary their tone, pitch, volume, speed, intonation, emphasis and pauses to create moments of suspense, excitement, danger and happiness.

  There are hundreds of good examples on YT you can analyse with your students to show them the effect of the power of their voice when giving a presentation. Try comparing a presenter with a monotonous tone and one who knows how to use the power of their voice to see how different they are.

  4. 声音的力量

  继续第三点说下去,一个优秀讲故事的人也会知道如何用他们声音的魔力来吸引、娱乐和影响观众。

  这就是为什么小孩子(包括一些成年人)都可以长时间保持安静,并全神投入地坐着倾听优秀的讲述者的原因。

  那他们到底做了些什么?他们会不断变化他们的声调、音高、音量、语速、语调、重音的位置以及停顿的处理,以呈现悬疑、兴奋、危险和快乐的氛围。

  你可以从视频网站(例如YT上)找到许多优秀的视频案例与学生们一起分析,给他们展示演讲时声音所带来的魔力。

  另外,你还可以试着对比一个声音枯燥乏味的演讲者与另一个善用声音技巧的演讲者,试看二者之间的差别。

  演讲开场白英文版5. Using Quotes

  This can feel like a very American presentation style, but its appeal is much more international than you’d think. They key is to select quotes from internationally known and famous authors, figures and people both from the past and present.

  Here is a good source for presentation quotes. Why do presenters use quotes? For two reasons, firstly it helps them quickly frame an argument or key message for the audience. Secondly, it gives their own presentation a little more credibility as people tend not to question these quotes as much as they would if they’re the presenter s own.

  5. 引用名人名言

  这也许给人感觉像美式演讲的风格,但它的效果绝对比你的想象要更加国际化。

  关键在于名言的选择,你需要做的是选择享有国际知名的作者或久负盛名的人物,从古至今都可以引用。

  这里有一个不错资源,可供大家找一些能在演讲中引用的名人名言,为什么演讲者要引用名人名言?有两个原因,首先它可以帮助演讲者快速架构一个论点或关键信息,以呈现他想表达的观点;其次,这使他所说的话变得更加可信,毕竟相比演讲者而言,名人们的话更不容易受到观众的质疑。

  演讲开场白英文版6. Evaluating and Giving Feedback

  At the beginning of this post I mentioned “practice makes perfect” and also the TV program Dragon s Den. Why?

  Both highlight the importance of “Evaluating and Giving Feedback” to perfect a presentation. As teachers we can work with our students to develop criteria to evaluate their own and other presentations so they can learn through watching others as well as themselves. Technology (webcams, private YT channels, etc.)

  gives students the option of peer review of their presentations, either by themselves, or by teachers and classmates.

  6. 评估并给予反馈

  文章的一开始,我就有提到“熟能生巧”以及BBC电视节目《Dragon’s Den》,这是为什么呢?因为它们俩都突显了“评估并给予反馈”对一场演讲是否完美的重要性。

  作为老师,我们可以和学生们一起探讨和制订一套标准来评估学生们自己或他人的演讲,继而他们可以通过观看自己或别人的演讲来相互学习与提高。

  现代技术(网络摄像头、私人YT频道等)给了学生们一个选择:同伴互评演讲,不光自己看,还可以让老师或其他同学看。

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